Ijoijolumut’s Blog


Posted on: January 2, 2009

Puputan Margarana

A Hero, defined as a person who has great courageous, than others willing make a sacrifice for some one else interests. That courageousraise his selfconfidence in facing danger. Especially in Balithe spirit of courageoususually exists only in the self of a king. A king therefore is title as ‘ngurah’. The word ‘ngurah’ is used to name king as guardian, guarantor, and the protector of the land and people. A ngurah must be able to prevent something or actions that is dangerous for kingdom, by giving punishment for the breaker o the rule. One of the famous ‘ngurah’ is I Gusti Ngurah Rai, from Canangsari village. See from history, I Gusti Ngurah Rai is a descen of court official of mengwi kingdom.
Puputan Margarana is a completely battle of the Bali warriors that is called Ciung Wanarayang foce lead by colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai versus NICA (Dutch) on November 20th 1946. The battlr was in Banjar kalaci, Marga Village. In this batlle colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai and his force died and all of them were buried there.
In 1954 Pujaan Bangsa park was built where the batlle was happened. It is in order to memorize the heroic moment. This park is about 25 hectar in width. It is able to hold 1.342 gravestones of the Bali warriors. The park is about 25km from Denpasar and about 10km from Tabanan.we can see some letters of I Gustu Ngurah Rai with his force. The writing is that Ciung Wanara will never compromise and give up to colonizer.
In the park, there is a great monument standing above a place where I Gusti Ngurah Rai died. He is a designer of puputan margarana. He decided to do puputan war since his forces was surrounded from the entire village. There was no way to escape besides fighting completely. The only one who escape from the batlle was I Wayan Sanur.
It has been a tradition on November 20th many people make a devotional visit to Pujaan Bangsa Margarana park, beside annually activity that is ‘gerak jalan puputan margarana. If we want to visit the park, he have to make sure that we are in holy condition. Yhe magic atmosphere appears in the are. It is perhaps by the spirit of heroism of Puputan Margarana.

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